Are You a Plagiary?

In school, if you use information created by someone else, no matter the format (including pictures, audio & video), you must give credit to the creator of the information you used. You give credit by writing a citation or including a Works Cited page. If you do not include citations or "Works Cited" pages you are telling the world that you created this information with no help from others. Thus, if any of the information you are presenting was not created by you are plagiarizing!


Webster's defines "Plagiarizing" as:
"transitive verb : to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own : use (another's production) without crediting the source intransitive verb : to commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source"

"Plagiarizing." Merriam Webster Online. 2008. Merriam Webster. 6 Feb. 2008 <http://www. merriam-webster. com/dictionary/plagiarizing>.

  • Plagiarism has consequences:
  • In school: bad grades, failed courses, and bad reputations
  • In business: lawsuits, lost revenues, and terminations
  • Learning How-To Cite Right is the smart thing to do!!!

Modern Language Association (MLA) Format of Bibliographic Citation

The format primarily used by the Hempfield School District is the Modern Language Association (MLA). In-school citation instruction centers around the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. For more information on this publication as well as some answers to frequent MLA questions vist the MLA website @

Websites with MLA Suppport
  • Centerville MS Library Media Center MLA Bibliographic & More (MLA 7th ed.) (Fall 2009)
    • Contains detailed bibliographic instructions, a sample "Works Cited" page, and citations examples for different mediums and subscription databases.
  • Ephrata HS Library's Media Center Homepage with link to MLA Style Sheet
    • Contains lots of examples and very good instructions for parenthetical documentation (internal citations).
  • The Owl at Purdue
    • This is one of the definitive MLA citation (and writing) guides on the Internet.
  • Zotero
  • Haven't tried this but keeps popping up. FireFox extension that helps cite websites. Will not confirm reliability.

The New MLA Format (7th edition)

Your Librarian is in the process of updating her webpages, worksheets, booklets and presentations to the new format. Stay tuned for more information coming your way shortly. Purdue's Owl discusses MLA 7 changes.

Some changes I have noticed in the new MLA 7th Edition format:
  • Incorporates Print or Web into the citation.
  • Uses only italics. No more underlining.
  • URLs are gone if the address is unmeaningful and/or very long. We will be recommending the incorporation of URLs in all general websites or webpages but will omit all URLs for information found in subscription databases.
  • Series titles are put at the end of the citation as supplemental information if you are citing a printed book.
  • Missing publishing or page information must be noted with: N.p. n.p. n.d. or n. pag (This includes resources found in subscription databases.)
  • URLs are only broken on a "/" (slash)
  • Reprints got a lot easier but still incorporate Rpt. in and Rpt. of
  • Many more changes....these are just a few of the ones that stood out.

Recognizing Medium Type in Electronic Sources

  • Mediums are simply holders of information such as a books, magazines or newspapers. Each type of medium has a different MLA format. When information from a book is digitized and added to an electronic database it is still recognized as book information and is cited in MLA format accordingly.
  • It may be hard to determine the original medium of information in some databases. Here are some tips on how to determine medium type:
    • Gale subscription databases usually organize result lists by medium. The tab at the top of the list denotes the medium type. The media under the Reference Tab is usually book.
    • ProQuest databases sometimes use icons (graphics) to indicate type of medium.
    • Book publishing information usually includes a publisher and a date that includes only the year.
    • Periodicals (Magazines and Newspapers) usually provide a more precise date based on how it is published. For instance monthly magazines will have a month and a year. Weekly magazines will have a day, month, and year. Quarterly magazines may sometimes include a seasonal reference, such as "Fall 2003".

Work Cited Page Formatting Presentation

Other (Free) Citation Makers on the Internet

Note: NoodleBib is the creation tool we want the students in CMS to use. The following MLA citation creators are for the use of those who are not patrons of the CMS Library.

This webpage was created on: 26 June 2009
This webpage was last updated on: 06 October 2009
This webpage was created by: CMS Librarian

blogger counters
Contributions to are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License. Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License